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    3rd Element - Velocity


    opmo

    Traditional staff notation has a collection of common symbols that are formed from the first letter of Italian words for degrees of intensity we want to attach to a note or a phrase. In OMN there are 12 such terms ranging from ppppp to fffff. The items in this collection have specific pre-set data values attached and as such produce in MIDI play back differences of attack on the notes they accompany.



    OMN Notation

    (q a4 ppppp)
    (q a4 pppp)
    (q a4 ppp)
    (q a4 pp)
    (q a4 p)
    (q a4 mp)
    (q a4 mf)
    (q a4 f)
    (q a4 ff)
    (q a4 fff)
    (q a4 ffff)
    (q a4 fffff)


    Dynamic


    The symbols classed as being Dynamic have a relative MIDI velocity value attached to them. The objective within OMN is to primarily to provide the notation for such symbols.

    (q a4 cresc)
    (q a4 dim)
    (q a4 <)
    (q a4 >)
    (q a4 0<)
    (q a4 >0)
    (q a4 pfp)
    (q a4 pf)
    (q a4 fp)
    (q a4 sfp)
    (q a4 sf)
    (q a4 sff)
    (q a4 sfff)
    (q a4 sfz)
    (q a4 sffz)
    (q a4 sfffz)
    (q a4 rf)
    (q a4 rfz)
    (q a4 fz)
    (q a4 ffz)
    (q a4 fffz)


    Crescendo


    The collection titled Crescendo takes the Italian abbreviations for the common dynamic descriptions and places a < directly following the abbreviation.

    (q a4 ppppp<)
    (q a4 pppp<)
    (q a4 ppp<)
    (q a4 pp<)
    (q a4 p<)
    (q a4 mp<)
    (q a4 mf<)
    (q a4 f<)
    (q a4 ff<)
    (q a4 fff<)
    (q a4 ffff<)


    Diminuendo


    The collection titled Diminuendo takes the Italian abbreviations for the common dynamic descriptions and places a > directly following the abbreviation.

    (q a4 pppp>)
    (q a4 ppp>)
    (q a4 pp>)
    (q a4 p>)
    (q a4 mp>)
    (q a4 mf>)
    (q a4 f>)
    (q a4 ff>)
    (q a4 fff>)
    (q a4 ffff>)
    (q a4 fffff>)


    List of Symbols

    ppppp pppp ppp pp p mp mf f ff fff ffff fffff
    ppppp< pppp< ppp< pp< p< mp< mf< f< ff< fff< ffff< fffff<
    ppppp> pppp> ppp> pp> p> mp> mf> f> ff> fff> ffff> fffff>
    0< < > >0
    cresc dim pfp fpf pf fp ffp fffp
    sfp sfpp sfppp sffp sfffp sf sff sfff sffff
    sfz sffz sfffz fz ffz fffz
    rf rfz


    One Note Dynamic Symbols


    This notation is used in wind, brass and string performance to suggest a precise dynamic changes to take place on a single pitch. The symbols are particularly associated with the use of hand-held mutes in writing for trumpets and trombones.

    ppppp>0 . . . fffff>0
    0<ppppp> . . . 0<fffff>
    <ppppp>0 . . . <fffff>0
    0<ppppp>0 . . . 0<fffff>0
    <ppppp> . . . <fffff>
    >ppppp< . . . >fffff<
    ppppp<> . . . fffff<>
    ppppp>< . . . fffff><
    ppppp<pppp . . . ffff<fffff
    pppp>ppppp . . . fffff>ffff
    ppppp<>ppppp . . . ffff<>ffff
    pppp><pppp . . . fffff><fffff
    ppppp<pppp>ppppp . . . ffff<fffff>ffff
    pppp>ppppp<pppp . . . fffff>ffff<fffff
    >0< 0<>0 <>0 0<> <> ><


    Examples

    '((q d4f4bb4d5 f< leg c4eb4a4c5 leg bb3d4g4bb4 leg
       e c4eb4a4c5 leg d4f4ab4d5 ff leg)
      (q f4ab4d5f5 > leg e4g4bb4e5 leg h fs4a4d5 mf)
      (q c4ds4a4 p< leg bb3e4g4 leg b3d4fs4 f leg e3g3cs4 > leg)
      (h d3fs3d4 pp))

    v1.png

    (M. Reger, Aus meinem Tagebuch, I, 3, 1904/12)

     

    '(t a3 p stacc a3 stacc a3 stacc a3 tie
      e a3 q... b3 t f h. gs4 mp (acc e e4 p f4 e4 d4) w e4)

    v2.png

    K. Stockhausen, Mantra für 2 Pianisten, 1970

     

    '((e b4 f) (w b4 sf leg)
      (q e4 marc+stacc+espr - - -e fs4 stacc)
      (w g4 sf leg) (q b3 stacc+marc - - -e ds4 stacc)
      (h e4 sf marc+leg q g3 stacc+marc -e a3 stacc)
      (h b3 sf leg q e3 stacc+marc -e fs3 stacc)
      ((leg q g3 marc e e3 -s fs3 ten)))

    v3.png

    B. Smetana, Aus meinem Leben, Streichquartett e-Moll, 1876

     

    '((e e3 mp marc eb4 marc fs3 marc c3 marc s g3 stacc e fs2 < marc s g2 < stacc
         5q gs2 < stacc d3 < stacc cs4 < stacc e4 < stacc d3 < stacc)
      (e c3 < marc gb2 < marc 5q c3 < stacc d3 < stacc c3 < stacc ab2 < stacc
         g3 < stacc d3 < stacc cs4 < stacc eb4 < stacc a3 < stacc bb2 < stacc
         d3 < stacc a2 < stacc b2 < stacc bb2 < stacc c4 mf stacc))

    v4.png

    J. Podrazik, Kritiken Nostalgia, 2004

     

    Next page 4th Element - Attribute


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