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solved [SOLVED] Idea for a Rhythmic Set Theory Function

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In my Dissertation, I worked a way to convert every chord and set in a modulo 12 rhythm,

so the entire catalog of FORTE are converted to rhythms, following the steps of Babitt:

As a hardcore serialist, Babbitt was interested in converting 12-tone rows to rhythms, in a kind of 12-tone rhythm theory.

Below, Wuorinen show one example of a typical Babbitt idea:

For the sake of explaining my idea of function, it's important to have in mind that for Babbitt, the order of the

row is very important and lead to different results in the pitch to rhythm conversion. Take a look in the example

below:

In the preceeding figure, the order of the C major triad generate different rhythms. In the example (0 4 7) have a

different result from (4 0 7) or (7 0 4).

In the system I developed in my Dissertation, the order does NOT matter, since (0 4 7), (7 0 4) or (4 0 7) will result

in exactly the same rhythm, as you can see below:

In my system, the transposition equals rotation (as well as in Babbitt)

And every chord symbol can be transformed in a rhythm:

Even voicings can be converted in longer Rhythms (the more spread the voicing, the longer the rhythm):

So I did every FORTE SET in the catalog, in this way:

Below, you can see the example of the rhythm of the major triad (Forte number 3-11b).

In the 1st bar there is the prime form (0 4 7).

In each subsequent bar there is a rotation of the first set by 16th note increments.

HERE IS THE POINT, for the sake of the new function !

The note C (that I call Rhythmic Fundamental, the "root" of the rhythm) is being displaced, as

you can see in the circled notes.

THE SET WRAP AROUND ITSELF, always forming 12 time-points (always twelve 16th notes),

in a different way from Babbit, where the order of the sets generates longer rhythms.

THIS WAY IS MORE INTERESTING For Popular and Minimalist Repetition Music, as

well as 12 tone music.

In the bottom staff, there are the complementary rhythm of the 3-11b set, i.e., the 9-11a

set. In the catalog, every set is presented alongside its complementary set and every set is

presented in 3/4 (16th notes) and in 12-8 (with the 8th note as the base value for the increments

and rotations).

So the function needed would be the one that mirror exacty this kind of conversion, not the tradicional time-point-system conversion,

so I could use my catolog inside Opusmodus, connecting the diferent sets, like this:

Or even using portions of the Rhythmic Sets, by truncating some of them, like this:

In the preceeding example, only parts of the 2 sets are used (9 time points out of 12 in the

first and 8 time points out of 12 in the second).

So, I hope someone could help me to find a way of implementing this.

Maybe Janusz or Stephane could find interesting to develop this kind of idea inside

the software.

All the best !

Julio Herrlein

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The function is already there: time-point-system

```(setf row '(bb4 a4 gs4 as4 cs5 e5 d4 f4 g4 eb4 fs4 c5))
(time-point-system row 's :start 0)
=> ((h bb4 tie e. s a4 tie) (h a4 tie e e gs4) (e. bb4 cs5 q. e5 tie)
(q e5 e. d4 e f4 e. g4 tie) (q g4 tie s e. eb4 q fs4 tie) (e fs4 h c5 tie e))```

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Dear Janusz,

This function will deal with the cyclic and rotational aspect of the rhythm, conceived as a necklace:

The pitch class set is conceived as a modular space and converted to rhythms with rotation inside the

modulo. The figure above shows a module 8 rhythm.

In my catalog, every rhythm is module 12, but you can :CROP (possible parameter of the function)

the rhythm in a shorter module or cycle, or you can concatenate many sets to form a longer rhythm.

HERE IS THE POINT (what time-point-system don't do)

There's a difference between que time-point-system function and the idea I'm talking about.

I'll try to explain:

THIS CODE:

`(time-point-system (pcs '3-11b :pitch)'s :start 0)`

Results in

And This

`(time-point-system (pcs '3-11b :pitch)'s :start 4)`

Results in

But, in this case,  when the start parameter exceeds 4, like with this code:

`(time-point-system (pcs '3-11b :pitch)'s :start 5)`

The rhythm cross to the next bar. So, the rhythm is NOT working like a necklace, it's

exceeding the 12 time-points...

In my hypothetical Function, let's say the "pcs-to-rhythm" function

the result would be like the upper staff below,

```Pseudo-code

(pcs-to-rhythm (pcs '3-11b :pitch)'s :rotation 5 :mod 12)```

i.e, the note that is going to next bar is actually rotated back to the begining of the

same bar, like rotation, wrapping around the modulo 12.

Possible parameters would be:

:mod  -  The modulo of the rhythm (explained below)

:rotation  -  the range would be  1 > (mod - 1)

:crop    the range would be x < mod

Let me know if I made the point clear.

Best,

Julio

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This is my best effort, using two André Maier functions (THANKS ANDRÉ !!!)

```(binary-map (row-rotation 7 (length-to-binary
(flatten
(omn :length (length-staccato 1/16
(time-point-system (pitch-rotate 0 (pcs '3-11b :pitch))'s :start 0)
)))1/16))1/16)```

Here are the Andre Meier Functions invoked in the code above:

```;EXTRA FUNCTIONS
;;;LENGTH-LEGATO (ANDRE MEIER)

(defun length-staccato (n alist)
(let ((newlengths)
(new-omn (omn-merge-ties (flatten  alist)))
(time-sign (get-time-signature alist)))
(progn
(setf newlengths (loop for i in (omn :length new-omn)
when (> i 0)
append (if (= n i)
(list i)
(list n (* -1 (abs (- i n)))))

else collect i))
(if (omn-formp alist)
(omn-to-time-signature (make-omn :length newlengths
:pitch (omn :pitch new-omn)
:velocity (omn :velocity new-omn)
:articulation (omn :articulation new-omn))
time-sign)
newlengths))))

;;LENGHT TO BINARY ANDRE MEIER

(defun length-to-binary (lengthlist n)
(let ((newlist (loop for i in (omn :length lengthlist)
collect (/ i n))))
(loop for x in newlist
when (> x 0)
append (append (list 1) (gen-repeat (1- x) '0))
else append  (gen-repeat (abs x) '0))))

(length-to-binary '(-e -s s q e) 1/16)
(length-to-binary '(-1/16 1/16 -1/8) 1/16)
=> (0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0)

(length-to-binary '(-q s s q e) 1/16)
=> (0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 0)```

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MY effort, version 2

```(setf pcsrhy1 (flatten (omn :length (length-staccato 1/16 (time-point-system (pcs '3-11b :pitch)'s)))))

;; here you adjust the rotation of the rhythm: (1) is the original, 0 is one 16th note ahead (-1) is 2 16th notes ahead and so on

(setf pcsrot1 (row-rotation 1 (length-to-binary pcsrhy1 1/16)))

(binary-map pcsrot1 1/16)```

The aforementioned Meier's functions are necessary...

Best,

Julio

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This is the EASIEST Method to achieve the result !!!

FINALLY !! Without the need of Meier's Functions !!

`(binary-map (row-rotation 0 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

YEEEEESSSSS !!!

added 10 minutes later

`(binary-map (row-rotation 1 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation 0 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation -1 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

```
(binary-map (row-rotation -2 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)```

`(binary-map (row-rotation -3 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation -4 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation -5 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation -6 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation -7 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation -8 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation -9 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

`(binary-map (row-rotation -10 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

AND FINALLY, back to que original

`(binary-map (row-rotation -11 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

It works !

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I am glad you found a way to achieve the result. Now I can make a function which will allow us to work with a series.

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Dear Janusz,

Hope it can be useful. It will be great to have this new function ! Thank you !

With a dedicated function, all this can be more elegant, for sure !

An easier workflow.

All the code below can be embbeded in only one code:

`(binary-map (row-rotation -7 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11)))1/16)`

all this can be something like

(pcs-to-rhythm (pcs '3-11) 1/16)  with optional arguments, like

:rotation - rotation of the series wrapping around itself.

:displace - put a rest of, for ex, 1/16 before the set

;legato -   t, for full value or nil (default) for normal operation (each value equals the quantization

(pcs-to-rhythm (pcs '3-11) 1/16)

(pcs-to-rhythm (pcs '3-11) 1/16 :legato t)

only the rhtyhm (without the notes)

:mod - defalt is the 12 time point cycle, but optionally, any cycle rotation, like 16, for example.

:crop - assuming 12 time points as the default cycle, the crop option let you take portions of the sets to

use. It's easy, just make something to cut the last parts of the binary result.

(pcs-to-rhythm (pcs '3-11) 1/16 :crop 8 )  will result in:

(pcs-to-rhythm (pcs '3-11) 1/16 :crop 8 :displace 1)

(pcs-to-rhythm (pcs '3-11) 1/16 :crop 8 :rotate 1)

The crop option helps using portions of the Rhythmic Sets, by truncating some of them, like this:

In the preceeding example, only parts of the 2 sets are used (9 time points out of 12 in the

first and 8 time points out of 12 in the second).

Best !

Julio

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The crop function is SOLVED

`(binary-map (butlast (row-rotation 1 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11b)))7)1/16)`

It's the number 7 as a parameter for the butlast lisp function, after the three parentheses.

HERE for the complementary set of the Rhythm (binary-invert)

`(binary-map (butlast (binary-invert (row-rotation 1 (gen-binary-row 12 (pcs '3-11b))))4) 1/16)`

Best,

Julio

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• 4 weeks later...

Hey Julio,

I was revisiting some old interests and remembered your post...have you come across these particular related presentations and software?

...

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Thanks a lot!   Great article and ideas.

Best,

Julio

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Loopyc,

Thank's for pointing to this beatyful app. Just what I have been looking for

/Lasse

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On August 17, 2018 at 9:46 AM, JulioHerrlein said:

Thanks a lot!   Great article and ideas.

Best,

Julio

16 hours ago, lviklund said:

Loopyc,

Thank's for pointing to this beatyful app. Just what I have been looking for

/Lasse

Oh, you are welcome...so glad you both found it interesting/useful :)

I have recently been rediscovering it's potentials using MIDI 'Learn'...connecting the 'rotation', pitch values, etc to external LFO's (I use Numerology 4 Pro) makes for some interesting morphing rhythm studies ;-)

...

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The length-staccato is much more complicated the that.

Working with lists a function needs to work with section or exclude.

Anyway I have spent sometime to make it happen.

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5 hours ago, opmo said:

The length-staccato is much more complicated the that.

Working with lists a function needs to work with section or exclude.

Anyway I have spent sometime to make it happen.

I'm very Happy to see your work, Janusz!  Thank you for all your Hard work in Opusmodus! All the best!  Julio

added 7 minutes later
5 hours ago, opmo said:

The length-staccato is much more complicated the that.

Working with lists a function needs to work with section or exclude.

Anyway I have spent sometime to make it happen.

André Meier came with something interesting in  this post:

Best,

Julio

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Works with tuplets, section and exclude.

Now:
value 1/16 on 1/12 = 1/24
value 1/16 on 3/20 = 1/20

etc...

Here are the final function results:

length-staccato (sequence &key (value 1/16) section exclude omn)

```(length-staccato '(q - = =) :omn t)
=> (s -e. -q s -e. s -e.)

(length-staccato '(3q -3q 3q 3q 3q 3q) :omn t)
=> (3q - = = = =)

(length-staccato '((3q g4 gs4 a4 tie) (3q a4 b4 c5)))
=> ((3q g4 gs4 a4 tie) (-3q b4 c5))

(length-staccato '(5q f4 - === 3q g4 = a4))
=> (5q f4 - f4 -5h 3q g4 g4 a4)

(length-staccato '((q c4 -q e d4 q e4 q f4 tie)
(5q f4 - === 3q g4 = a4 tie)
(q a4 tie e a4 -q q b4 tie)
(q b4 -q e c5 e d5 tie)
(e d5 -q e5 q f5 q g5)))
=> ((s c4 -e. -q s d4 - e4 -e. s f4 tie -e.) (-5q - f4 -5h 3q g4 g4 a4 tie)
(-q. -q s b4 tie -e.) (-q - s c5 - d5 tie -) (-e - - s e5 -e. s f5 -e. s g5 -e.))

(length-staccato '(q e4 mp q tasto q -q q q))
=> (s e4 mp -e. s e4 tasto -e. s e4 -e. -q s e4 -e. s e4 -e.)

(length-staccato '((q c4 -q e d4 q e4 q f4 tie)
(5q f4 - === 3q g4 = a4 tie)
(q a4 tie e a4 -q q b4 tie)
(q b4 -q e c5 e d5 tie)
(e d5 -q e5 q f5 q g5)) :section '(0 3))
=> ((s c4 -e. -q s d4 - e4 -e. s f4 tie -e.) (-5q - 5h. f4 3q g4 g4 a4 tie)
(q. a4 -q b4 tie) (s b4 -e. -q s c5 - d5 tie -) (-e - - q e5 f5 g5))```

Best wishes,

Janusz

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Thanks a lot, Janusz !!

Looking forward to next release of Opusmodus.

All the best !

Julio

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pcs-rhythm (pcs &key points invert (rotate 0) (value 1/16) legato omn)

```(pcs-rhythm '3-11 :invert t :points 9 :omn t)
=> (-s = = - = = = - =)

(pcs-rhythm '3-11 :invert t :points 9 :rotate 7 :omn t)
=> (s = - = = = = - =)

(pcs-rhythm '3-11 :points 9 :legato t :omn t)
=> (e. q e)

;; Interval list to prime-form: (pcs-prime-form '(2 5 7 11)) => (0 3 6 8)

(pcs-rhythm '(2 5 7 11) :omn t)
=> (s - - = - - = - = - - -)

(pcs-rhythm '(2 5 7 11) :rotate 7 :omn t)
=> (-s = - = - - - = - - = -)

(pcs-rhythm '(3-11 6-5) :points '(8 9) :omn t)
=> ((s - - = - - - =) (s = = = - - = = -))

(pcs-rhythm '((2 5 7 11) (1 6 3 9 2)) :omn t)
=> ((s - - = - - = - = - - -) (s = = - - = - - = - - -))

and

(pcs-rhythm '(3-11 6-21)
:points '(8 9 7 9)
:rotate '(0 1 2 3)
:legato '(0 1 1 0)
:value '(s e s 3q)
:omn t)
=> ((s - - = - - - =) (-e q e = q =) (-e e. e) (-3q - - = - = = = -))

(pcs-rhythm '3-11 :rotate '(0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11) :omn t)
=> (( s - - = - - - = - - - -)
(-s = - - = - - - = - - -)
(-s - = - - = - - - = - -)
(-s - - = - - = - - - = -)
(-s - - - = - - = - - - =)
( s - - - - = - - = - - -)
(-s = - - - - = - - = - -)
(-s - = - - - - = - - = -)
(-s - - = - - - - = - - =)
( s - - - = - - - - = - -)
(-s = - - - = - - - - = -)
(-s - = - - - = - - - - =))```

```(pcs-rhythm '(6-z25b 6-z41b) :points '(9 8) :omn t)
=> ((s - = = - = - = =) (s - = - - = = =))```

```(pcs-rhythm '(6-z39 5-13 4-24 6-9)
:rotate '(0 3 9 2)
:omn t)
=> ((s - = = = = - - = - - -) (-s - - = = = - = - - - =)
(-s = - - - = - - - = - =) (-s - = = = = - = - = - -))```

There is an error in the 3rd bar, it should read: 4-24(s)R9

3rd bar: with 4-24(s)R8

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WOW !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Amazing !!!!

This is great !!!!!

MUCH LOVE !!!

Thanks !

Next release ?

All the best !!

Julio

LOOKING FORWARD !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

On 8/23/2018 at 10:26 AM, opmo said:

pcs-rhythm (pcs &key points invert (rotate 0) (value 1/16) legato omn)

```
(pcs-rhythm '3-11 :invert t :points 9 :omn t)
=> (-s = = - = = = - =)

(pcs-rhythm '3-11 :invert t :points 9 :rotate 7 :omn t)
=> (s = - = = = = - =)

(pcs-rhythm '3-11 :points 9 :legato t :omn t)
=> (e. q e)

;; Interval list to prime-form: (pcs-prime-form '(2 5 7 11)) => (0 3 6 8)

(pcs-rhythm '(2 5 7 11) :omn t)
=> (s - - = - - = - = - - -)

(pcs-rhythm '(2 5 7 11) :rotate 7 :omn t)
=> (-s = - = - - - = - - = -)

(pcs-rhythm '(3-11 6-5) :points '(8 9) :omn t)
=> ((s - - = - - - =) (s = = = - - = = -))

(pcs-rhythm '((2 5 7 11) (1 6 3 9 2)) :omn t)
=> ((s - - = - - = - = - - -) (s = = - - = - - = - - -))

and

(pcs-rhythm '(3-11 6-21)
:points '(8 9 7 9)
:rotate '(0 1 2 3)
:legato '(0 1 1 0)
:value '(s e s 3q)
:omn t)
=> ((s - - = - - - =) (-e q e = q =) (-e e. e) (-3q - - = - = = = -))

(pcs-rhythm '3-11 :rotate '(0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11) :omn t)
=> (( s - - = - - - = - - - -)
(-s = - - = - - - = - - -)
(-s - = - - = - - - = - -)
(-s - - = - - = - - - = -)
(-s - - - = - - = - - - =)
( s - - - - = - - = - - -)
(-s = - - - - = - - = - -)
(-s - = - - - - = - - = -)
(-s - - = - - - - = - - =)
( s - - - = - - - - = - -)
(-s = - - - = - - - - = -)
(-s - = - - - = - - - - =))```

```
(pcs-rhythm '(6-z25b 6-z41b) :points '(9 8) :omn t)
=> ((s - = = - = - = =) (s - = - - = = =))```

```
(pcs-rhythm '(6-z39 5-13 4-24 6-9)
:rotate '(0 3 9 2)
:omn t)
=> ((s - = = = = - - = - - -) (-s - - = = = - = - - - =)
(-s = - - - = - - - = - =) (-s - = = = = - = - = - -))
```

THIS IS THE Coolest thing !!! hahahahahaha

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Thank you, Janusz !

Looking Forward to have it !

Best !

Julio

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Thank you Julio for the inspiration!

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Dear Janusz,

Yes, I did a mistake in the dissertation caption of this example but in the

attached complete catalog of the Dissertation it's correct.

The complete rotations of the 4-24 set are like this (page 388 of the dissertation):

Thank you !

Julio

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I am glad the complete catalogue is correct  Great work.

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Thanks a lot,  Janusz!

Let me know if you find something wrong.

Looking forward for this function.

Looks Great!

Best,

Julio

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Example with chord symbols:

```(pcs-rhythm '(7/b9/s11 9/s11 7) :omn t)
=> ((s - = = - - = - = = - -)
(s - = - = - = - = = - -)
(s - - = - - = - = - - -))```

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• JulioHerrlein changed the title to [SOLVED] Idea for a Rhythmic Set Theory Function

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